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Infant & Toddler Assessment
The Devereux Early Childhood Assessment for Infants and Toddlers (DECA-I/T) is a standardized, norm-referenced, strength based assessment that assesses protective factors and screens for social and emotional risks in very young children.

DECA Infant (4 weeks up to 18 months)
The DECA-I/T Infant form (DECA-I) has 33 items that reflect positive behaviors (strengths) typically seen in resilient infants. These positive behaviors comprise two protective factor scales. These scales are:
  • Initiative (18 items) assesses the infant’s ability to use independent thought and actions to meet her or his needs. Sample items include “try new things,” “imitate actions of others,” “show interest in what others are doing,” “express her/his dislikes,” and “look to a familiar adult when exploring her/his surroundings.”
  • Attachment/Relationships (15 items) assess the mutual, strong, long lasting relationship between the infant and significant adults such as family members, and teachers. Sample items include, “enjoy interacting with others,” “show affection for a familiar adult,” “seek comfort from familiar adults,” and “smile at a familiar adult.”
  • A Total Protective Factors scale, which is a composite of the above two scales, provides and overall indication of the strength of the infant’s protective factors.
The Infant assessment (DECA-I) has 4 scoring profiles for the following age ranges to increase sensitivity to the differences in development at this age span:
  • 1 month up to 3 months
  • 3 months up to 6 months
  • 6 months up to 9 months
  • 9 months up to 18 months
DECA Toddler (18 months to 36 months)
The DECA-I/T Toddler form (DECA-T) has 36 items that reflect positive behaviors (strengths) typically seen in resilient toddlers. These positive behaviors comprise three protective factor scales. These scales are:
  • Initiative (11 items) assesses the toddler’s ability to use independent thought and actions to meet her or his needs. Sample items include, “show concern for other children,” “try to comfort others,” “play make-believe,” and “try to clean up after herself/himself.”
  • Attachment/Relationships (18 items) assesses the mutual, strong, long lasting relationship between the toddler and significant adults such as family members, and teachers. Sample items include, “make needs know to a familiar adult,” “accept comfort from a familiar adult,” “act happy when praised,” and “make others aware of her/his needs.”
  • Self-Regulation (7 items) assesses the toddler’s ability to gain control of and manage emotions, and sustain focus and attention. Sample items include, “handle frustration well,” “accept another choice when the first choice was not available,” “adjust to changes in routine,” and “easily follow a daily routine.”
  • A Total Protective Factors scale, which is a composite of the above three scales, provides and overall indication of the strength of the toddler’s protective factors.
Just like the preschool version, the DECA-I/T is completed by parents and caregivers of infants and toddlers. The assessment can be hand scored or can be scored with the scoring CD that come in the DECA-I/T Kit.
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